With broad strokes we can place Messianic Psalms into two groups. There are Messianic Psalms, like Psalm 2, that have meaning for the king at the time of the writing and for the coming King. Secondly, there are Messianic Psalms that only find their fulfillment in Jesus, the Messiah.
From my perspective, Psalm 22 is a pure prophetic and Messianic Psalm about Jesus the Messiah and his crucifixion.
Bruce Waltke, in referring to Messianic Psalms, beautifully states, “The Messianic Psalms are royal robes waiting for the King who fits them perfectly. Jesus alone is the King worthy to wear these Psalms.” https://www.bing.com/videos/search?q=waltke+messianic+psalm+&&view=detail&mid=715BC730546EA01E5DAD715BC730546EA01E5DAD&&FORM=VRDGAR
Genesis walks us through God’s development of His kingdom on earth.
The earth was considered ‘the serpent’s” kingdom.
God’s kingdom was in the hands of Adam and Eve.
The serpent would bruise her heal but she would bruise his head.
I will put enmity between you and the woman,
and between your offspring and her offspring;
he shall bruise your head,
and you shall bruise his heel.” Genesis 3:15
Kingdom of God would be established through Eve’s offspring…….
Seth not Cane.
Shem not Ham or Japheth
Isaac not Ishmael
Jacob not Esau
Judah not the other eleven tribes.
David (His house will endure forever)
Jesus, the Eternal Son.
Of David it is said:
- 16 And your house and your kingdom shall be made sure forever before me. Your throne shall be established forever.’” 2 Samuel 7:16
- “His offspring (Jesus) shall endure forever, his throne as long as the sun before me.” Psalm 89:36
Jesus is identified as the son of David by Matthew, “The book of the genealogy of Jesus Christ, the son of David, the son of Abraham.” Matthew 1:1
The robes of the Messianic Psalms perfectly fit Messiah Jesus, the son of David.
The only Person Psalm 22 “fits” is Jesus, the son of David and at His crucifixion is the only time it “fits.”
This prophetic Psalm is beautiful and agonizing to behold.
One perspective of the poetic flow of this Psalm is of a three-stanza hymn of ten verses each (verse 11 is a transition)
Psalm 22:1-10 Lament with Praise
1-5 abandoned by God finds confidence in God’s past faithfulness to fathers
6-10 abandoned by people confidence in God’s past faithfulness to himself (9)
Psalm 22:11 Transitional Request for Presence
Psalm 22:12-21 Lament with Prayer
Psalm 22:22-31 Praise
|My God, my God, why have you forsaken me?
Why are you so far from saving me, from the words of my groaning?
2 O my God, I cry by day, but you do not answer,
and by night, but I find no rest.
3 Yet you are holy,
6 But I am a worm and not a man,
9 Yet you are he who took me from the womb;
12 Many bulls encompass me;
14 I am poured out like water,
16 For dogs encompass me;
19 But you, O Lord, do not be far off!
22 I will tell of your name to my brothers;
25 From you comes my praise in the great congregation;
27 All the ends of the earth shall remember
29 All the prosperous of the earth eat and worship;
Matthew 27:39, 27:31
This is the experience of a crucified person, not one being stoned to death.
John 19: 23, 34, 37